Using preformatted HTML in a Salesforce Lightning Component

Had to output preformatted HTML richtext from a richtext field in a Lighting Component the other day. Looking through the documentation I found the ui:outputRichText component but it didn’t really work the way it’s mentioned in the documentation. Instead of the body of the tag containing the HTML the HTML had to be in the value-attribute as shown below.

<ui:outputRichText value="{!}" class="bio" />

The “bio” CSS class I added is to actually apply the formatting I need. Although the HTML contains the HTML tags the CSS on the Lighting Pages stripped the UL and LI formatting I needed so I had to manually add that back. The CSS I applied is below.

.THIS .bio {
    margin-left: 15px;
.THIS .bio ul ol {
    margin-top: 10px;
    margin-bottom: 10px;
.THIS .bio p {
    margin-top: 10px;
    margin-bottom: 5px;
.THIS .bio li {
    display: list-item;
    list-style-type: disc;

Salesforce Lightning Design System (SLDS) Activity Component and z-index

For the Lightning Components I’m developing for a customer I’m using the activity timeline component to show a chronologic timeline of “stuff”. However when I added the markup to my Lightning Component and ran it inside Salesforce the vertical bars were missing. What to do? Crack open the Chrome Developer Tools and inspect – but hey! Then the bars were there… Close Developer Tools and the bars were gone again. Hmmm… Seems to be a viewport height issues. But then again not…

After quite a lot of tinkering I figured out that the issue was actually caused by a z-index issue of the layer showing the bar. I had to add the below CSS to my styling. Please note that I’m using the “event” sprites and coloring. But the most important thing to pay attention to here is the z-index of the :before psudo class for the slds-timeline__media classes and the slds-media__figure.

.THIS .slds-media__figure {
	z-index: 2;
.THIS .slds-timeline__media--event:before {
    background-color: #a9a9a9;
    z-index: 1;
.THIS .slds-timeline__media--event:before {
    background-color: #ff6600;
    z-index: 1;


Salesforce Lightning Components and image dependencies

I am developing some Salesforce Lightning components at the moment as while Lightning Components are great they have a major drawback in my mind. Some background first… Salesforce Lightning is our “new” component based UI based on HTML / Javascript and components are automatically mobile ready and responsive. A Lightning Component is not a single “thing” but rather a folder with stuff that is a number of files named using a predefined format. The component name is the name of the folder – e.g. MyComponent. The actual markup goes in the component file called MyComponent.cmp. Besides the markup there is the client side controller (MyComponentController.js), CSS styling (MyComponent.css) and that’s basically it. There are few more potential files but they are not important for this post. All is well described on the web. What’s not included in the component is graphics that may be used by the component.

The way graphics are added to components a either by using the sprites supplied with the Salesforce Lightning Design System (SLDS), by using custom graphics or you can use the classic icons which are supplied by Salesforce. The latter are really not ideal as do not look nice as they look old and the colors cannot be easily changed. The issue with using custom graphics or the SLDS sprites is that the resources are kept in Salesforce as static resources which is great for performance as they are automatically loaded through our CDN but they are outside the Lightning component. So now a component is no longer self contained but has dependencies to other metadata elements. To make it even worse these dependencies cannot be declared for the component that the normal dependency detection doesn’work eg. changesets will not detect the dependency. Not good…

To solve this I’ve started to use base64 encoded images as they can easily be used in img-tags and may be embedded in either markup or in JavaScript. An img-tag can use base64 instead of an image reference as below. This solves the above issue as images are now fully contained in the component code or markup so no external dependencies are required. An easy solution to a complicated problem.



On Mac (and Linux probably) getting an image as a base64 encoded image for easily done using the base64 command and I normally cut lines to 80 characters as the developer console doesn’t handle looooooong lines well. Combining with sed can add the quotes and pluses to make it easier to get it into Javascript. A little tweaking if required but it is faster.

base64 -b 80 -i ./picture1.png
base64 -i Downloads/gold_star.png -b 80 | sed -e 's/^(.*)$/"1"+/'

Loading widget data in IBM Connections 5 by the aggregator

One of the areas that changed fundamentally in IBM Connections 5 is how widget resources (JavaScript and CSS) is loaded by the browser. In prior versions the resources were loaded by the end-user browser through the AJAX proxy in IBM Connections Profiles or Communities depending on the feature in use. Starting with IBM Connections 5 the resources are aggregated and loaded by the Common feature that now also caches the resources. For end users this is great as speed and performance improves but for developers and admins it can be hard to diagnose what’s going on.

In Profiles it’s pretty easy – once you know how – to see what the aggregator is aggregating for the current user. The below video shows how to see this is Profiles. I’m still trying to fully understand it in Communities and will post the info once I have it.

Reusing IBM Connections Atom date formatting for custom widgets

In a recent IBM Connections project I needed to display dates in the same as IBM Connections does it that is full dates sometimes but also using “yesterday”, “today” etc. Plus it needed to cater for the fact that the customer might at some future point in time allow the user to change the UI language. Coding this is tedious and would take quite some time so I wanted to figure out if IBM Connections had some libraries that could help me.

And it did.

By messing around in Firebug I found out that the way IBM Connections does it is by using a nifty JavaScript object called lconn.core.DateUtil.AtomDateToString. This object is actually a helper object that does two things – first it is able to convert an Atom date/time string (such as 2012-08-01T12:44:42.713Z) into a JavaScript Date object and then format it according to i18n settings and the language set in the UI.

Once I knew what to look for in the IBM Connections code it was simple enough. They do it by adding a hidden span-tag (CSS class “lotusHidden”) with a special tagging CSS class called “formatDate” as shown below.

<span class="formatDate lotusHidden">

Then using dojo.query they locate the nodes with the formatDate CSS class, use the utility class to convert the Atom date string and then remove the “lotusHidden” CSS class to make it visible.

// expand dates
if (lconn && lconn.core && lconn.core.DateUtil &&
lconn.core.DateUtil.AtomDateToString) {
   dojo.query(".formatDate", root).forEach(function(item){